Stomach Flu (Gastroenteritis) Everything you want to know

Stomach Flu (Gastroenteritis)
Stomach Flu (Gastroenteritis)

Gastroenteritis is usually called “gastric flu”. But it is in fact not caused by the flu, the breathing virus that causes the flu. Different stomach insects (germs) are generally the fault for symptoms such as diarrhea, stomach pain and the feeling of stomach patients.


What is stomach flu (gastroenteritis)?


Gastroenteritis is an inflammation (irritation) of your intestines. People generally call it a “gastric insect” or “stomach flu”, even if it is not limited to what most people signal stomach pain, gastroenteritis can also include your small intestine and your colon.

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How common is stomach flu (gastroenteritis)?


The gastric flu is common. More than 20 million people get sick every year in the United States with a intestinal rotation. Viruses are the most common cause of stomach flu.


Who gets stomach flu (gastroenteritis)?


Everyone can go with stomach flu. But you will get it earlier if you are in a place where many people share living or catering rooms, such as:
• Children at daycare center or camp.
• Nursing homes.
• Students who live in dormitories.
• Military staff.
• Prisons.
• Psychiatric parks.
• Cruise passengers.
• Travelers in less developed countries.
• Everyone with a compromised immuneate.


SYMPTOMS AND CAUSES


What causes stomach flu (gastroenteritis)?


You can get sick from bacteria, parasites, toxins and viruses. Viruses are the most common cause of so ground gastric flu. Norovirus is often the culprit for adults, while rotavirus is often the fault of gastric flu in children. These viruses mainly infect the mucous membrane of the small intestine.


What are the symptoms of stomach flu (gastroenteritis)?


The most important symptom of gastroenteritis is diarrhea. When the gastrointestinal tract is infected during gastroenteritis, various virus activities cause diarrhea. Malabsorption occurs as a result of the destruction of intestinal cells called enterocytes. The virus can also disrupt the repair of water and induce secretory diarrhea, which is responsible for loose liquid stools.
• abdominal pain (abdomen) or cramps.
• Nausea and vomiting.
• A fever.
• Headache and body hurt me.

Can stomach flu cause a fever?


You may have a fever if you have the vast flu. Fever can be a sign that your body fights an infection. You can feel sweaty, half or have the chills. You can also have a headache or pain on your entire body.


Is the stomach flu worse in some people?


In general, most people quickly recover from the gastric flu. Symptoms can be worse in babies, young children, the elderly or someone who is immune. Vomiting and diarrhea can cause dehydration (not enough water in the body) in a short period, depending on the circumstances. Signs of dehydration include:
• Extreme thirst.
• Less urine production than normal (no wet layers for three hours or more with infants).
• Dark colored urine.
• Picks or eyes.
• Taim distribution, dizziness in a standing position.
• General weakness.


Why does stomach flu hit at night?


In some people, symptoms of gastric flu can be pronounced more at night because of their circadian pace. At night an increase in the activity of the immune system chemicals is released to combat infections. These can cause inflammation that makes you feel worse by fighting your flu.


Is stomach flu (gastroenteritis) contagious?


Viral gastric flu is easy to spread to others. You can take a stomach fluenza virus at any time of the year, but the ordinary norovirus is more widespread from November to April, when people are more inside. Because a variety of viruses can cause stomach flu, you can get different versions of gastroenteritis several times.
He spreads from one person to another by coming into contact with small invisible particles of the stool or vomiting of a sick person like you:
• Press a surface and contact germs and you touch food or mouth.
• Eat or drink or drink with germs.
• I have close contact with a person with vast flu (even if he has no symptoms).

DIAGNOSIS AND TESTS


When should you see a doctor for stomach flu (gastroenteritis)?


You can probably fight against the stomach flu virus without seeing a care provider. If you have signs of dehydration (dark, unusual / low urine flow, dry mucosa, dizziness, dizziness, etc.), you must immediately consult medical care. Also call your healthcare provider if you have:
• Strong fever.
• Bloody diarrhea.
• Severe pain.
• Symptoms that cannot improve / resolve over time.


How is stomach flu diagnosed?


Healthcare providers can often diagnose the stomach flu with your symptoms. But your supplier may want to exclude other diseases with certain tests:
• relief samples: tests are looking for bacteria, viruses or parasites in your stools
• Sigmoidoscopy: A doctor places a slender and flexible tube with a small anus camera in the large lower intestine to look for signs of inflammatory bowel disease. Sigmoidoscopy is a 15 -minute procedure that generally does not require sedation.


MANAGEMENT AND TREATMENT


How can I get rid of stomach flu (gastroenteritis)?


The most important things you can do to feel better faster, is peace and the rest is very hydrated. Between diarrhea and vomiting your body loses a lot of water and electrolytes. If your belly is always upset, you can be small sips of water, athletes, juice or broth drinks, or chew on ice creams. It is important to know that only water may not be sufficient to keep you hydrated in severe cases of diarrhea, so make sure you take an electrolytic balance hydration (sports drinks, Gatorade®, Pedialyte®, etc.). Eat a normal diet if you are hungry again.


PREVENTION


How can stomach flu (gastroenteritis) be prevented?


Because gastric flu can be caused by several factors, getting flu vaccination is not sufficient to protect you against gastroenteritis. Children must follow the standard vaccination calendar and obtain rotavirus vaccination if indicated. This vaccination can protect your child against rotovirus falls, but not all children can receive this oral vaccination, so contact your pediatrician before you do this.
You can take other measures to reduce your risk of getting stomach flu:

Practice good handwashing


If you are sick, the virus spreads everything that comes into contact with the droppings that is infected with the virus. Washing a good hand is essential to stop the spread. Viruses left on the hands can easily spread to surfaces, food and people that touch you. It is important to wash your hands well after your appearance, change a layer, to touch all bathroom surfaces and before you manage food.


Be careful with food


You can catch the stomach flu with contaminated food or water, or pass it on to someone else. To keep viruses out of your food:
• Class of kitchen surfaces with a disinfectant (cleaner that kills germs), especially if you work with raw meat or eggs.
• Store raw meat, eggs and poultry far from food that is consumed raw.
• Avoid eating meat, eggs and raw or insufficient shellfish.
• Consume only pasteurized dairy products and apple juice. Pasteurization is a heating process that kills germs.
• Rinse fruit and vegetables for eating.
• Drink bottle water and avoid ice cubes, especially in developing countries. The unknown germs that live in water can make you sick.
• Stop making food for others if you are sick and for two days after the disappearance of the symptoms.


Clean sick areas


Clean everything you could touch while you were sick with the stomach flu. Wash the laundry with hot water and dry on high heat. Make sure you use a disinfectant to clean the areas where a sick person has surrendered or diarrhea.


OUTLOOK / PROGNOSIS


How long does stomach flu last?


Stomach flu usually takes less than a week. Make sure you stay at home if you have symptoms and continue to practice good hand washing afterwards. The virus can always be in your stool up to two weeks after stopping symptoms, so be very careful with your bathroom habits. Always wash your hands after having a saddle and wash the dirty substances in hot soap water.


LIVING WITH


What can I do at home to feel better?


Rest and keep drinking a lot of liquids until your symptoms pass by. Drinks with both sugar and salt (such as sports drinks) help your intestine to better absorb liquids and replace lost electrolytes. Singing healthy crackers with ginger or a similar sweet drink can also help. Avoid dairy products such as cow’s milk for one or two days -milk can aggravate diarrhea due to temporary lactose intolerance that often sees with gastroenteritis.
To control severe diarrhea, your care provider can recommend a freely available medication, such as Bismut-Subsalicylate (Pepto-Bismol® or Kaopecate®). You should not use these drugs if you have a high fever or bloody diarrhea that can be signs of deeper infection of bacteria or a parasite. Antidiarhean drugs are not certain for children. Consult your care provider for treatment instead.
Almost everyone receives a stomach flu at some point. It is not pleasant, but it usually spends in less than a week. Give yourself time to rest and restore before you return to your daily activities. Fortunately, you can take measures to prevent the opportunity to transfer it to others or to restore it in the future.