Can ovarian cyst cause infertility?


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Can ovarian cyst cause infertility

If you have ovaries, chances are that you have an ovar cyst at a certain moment in your life. Fortunately, most ovary cysts are harmless, cause no symptoms and will disappear. Some ovary cysts can cause pain and bleeding, and in some cases they can influence your fertility. Whether the cyst has an impact or not on your chances of pregnancy depends on the type of cyst, the size of the cyst and if surgery is needed.
Here we will discuss the different types of ovary cysts, which influence cysts on fertility and available processing options.

What Is An Ovarian Cyst?

Ovarian cysts are pockets filled with liquid or a semi-stupid substance that is formed on or in the ovaries. Ovarian cysts are often formed in the framework of the normal menstrual cycle. Some cysts produce hormones, while others are not.

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Types Of Ovarian Cysts

The ovary cysts are divided into two categories: functional and non -functional. Functional cysts are more common than non -functional cysts and occur in the normal part of the menstrual cycle. Functional cysts are rarely worried and generally have no influence on fertility.


Follicular cysts

At the start of a normal menstrual cycle, a group of eggs was selected from the total egg swimming pool, and each egg is in a bag filled with liquid, called follicle. A follicle has been selected as the dominant follicle, which will eventually turn its egg. The dominant follicle develops and collects more liquid over the follicular phase (before ovulation). Although it increases, it produces increasing amounts of estrogen. This dominant follicle can be called cyst, but actually forms a very normal part of the menstrual cycle. If the follicle does not ovulate his egg, it continues to swell and can turn into a larger follicular ovary cyst. Follicular cysts generally have a size of 3 to 5 cm and only disappear, but sometimes they can get bigger. In this rare case they can require surgery.

Corpus luteum cysts

After ovulation, the empty follicle forms the Luteum Corpus, which is a hormoneal active cyst on the ovary. The Luteum Corpus produces progesterone and estrogens to prepare the womb for pregnancy. If the fertilization does not occur, the Luteum Corpus will fall off and the decrease in estrogens and progesterone causes menstrualization. Sometimes the LUTEUM Corpus does not dissect as it should be and ends and is finally closed and filled with liquid to form a cyst of Luteum Corpus. Although Corpus Cysten Luteum generally only disappears, they can grow in size and cause pelvic pain and bleeding.


Hemorrhagic ovarian cysts

When the cysts of the Luteum Corpus break or bleed, they are known as hemorrhagic cysts. Some people experience vaginal bleeding and pelvic pain with hemorrhagic cysts, but you may not notice any symptoms. In the most serious cases, persistent cyst bleeding in the basin may require surgery. Although they do not tend to cause fertility problems, surgery can affect fertility this type of cyst.

Ovarian cystadenomas

Cystadenoms are tumors filled with liquid that can become more and more than 10 cm. They do not cause infertility, but they may need to be surgically removed. Although they are sometimes called tumor, they are generally mild, which means that they are not cancer.

Ovarian dermoid cysts

Dermoid ovary cysts consist of cells that were present during the development of the fetus and the skin, the hair of oil glands or even teeth can contain. Although Dermoid cysts are generally mild, they are not solved on their own and can grow up. Large Dermoid Cysts can cause ovarian torsion and they can also break caught infection, so surgical elimination is often necessary.


Endometriomas, also known as endometriidysten, are caused by endometriosis. It is when tissues are comparable to the womb lining (endometrium) grow outside the womb where it does not belong. The substance that develops on the ovaries (called “chocolate quotes”) cannot get rid of during menstruation, which can cause pelvic pain and can have an impact on your ability to design.

Polycystic ovaries

Some people develop many small cysts on their ovaries, called polycystic ovaries. These cysts are follicles. Each follicle contains a microscopic egg. People with polycystic ovarian syndrome (SOPK) tend to have problems with problems, so there are many follicles to be “selected” as a dominant follicle for ovulation. People with SOPK can have irregular periods, hormonal imbalances and difficulties to become pregnant due to ovulation problems. Certain lifestyle changes (diet and exercise), as well as drugs can help manage SOPK symptoms.

Malignant ovarian cysts

This type of rare cyst is seen when you have ovarian cancer. Ovarian cancer mainly affects older women. If you have ovarian cysts, it is important to solve them with your doctor to ensure that they are not cancer.

Symptoms Of Ovarian Cysts

The symptoms that you can have with ovarian cysts depend on the type of cyst and can go from light to serious. Some common symptoms of cysts of ovaries can be:
• Pain in the bottom of the abdomen
• Irregular or tough periods
• local
• Pee pain
• Constipation
• Feel blown up
• Cramps

When To See A Doctor

If you feel one of the following symptoms, consult your doctor immediately. Symptoms can be a sign of a fracture of the cyst or an ovary turn:
• Net, sudden and severe pain
• Severe abdominal cramps
• Nausea and vomiting
• Dizziness, weak feeling
• Fast king

How Do Cysts Impact Fertility

If you have an ovary cyst, this does not mean that you will have trouble getting pregnant. In some cases it is not necessarily the cyst itself that causes fertility problems, but rather what causes the training of the cyst. For example:
Hormonal imbalances prevent ovulation with the SOPK. Without freeing an egg, you can’t get pregnant.
With endometriosis, not only the cysts are formed, but the condition itself can influence the functioning of the womb, fallopian tubes and ovaries. It can make it more difficult to get pregnant.
In other cases, the treatment of the cyst can influence fertility due to surgery. No matter how competent the surgeon is, the elimination of a cyst causes damage to the remaining ovary dust. This can reduce the size of the remaining egg bath, including a woman. Women were born with all the eggs they will ever have, so once they have left, there is no way to restore them. Some women are retaining fertility with freezing eggs before they undergo surgery for cysts for this reason.

Treating Ovarian Cysts

Most ovary cysts are harmless and are only dissolved. In fact, treatment is only necessary in approximately 8% of premenopausal women with cysts of ovaries. As soon as your doctor has confirmed that you have ovarian cysts (in general, thanks to a pelvic examination and / or ultrasound), they will give treatment recommendations, depending on the type, size and symptoms that the cyst can provoke.
You can prescribe a hormonal contraception to reduce or prevent the size of cysts. If ovary cysts cause pain, you can take over the -the founder -pain stillers or prescribed painkillers.
In some cases, cysts can grow, not disappear, be painful or cause another care and your doctor can recommend surgery. Your doctor will revise the risks and benefits of undergoing surgery to eliminate ovarian cysts.
Unfortunately you cannot do much to prevent ovarian cysts, but if they continue to train, you may have to take hormones to prevent ovulation from taking place, which can reduce your chances of cysts.
Talk to a fertility doctor if you have a history of ovarian cysts and find it difficult to get pregnant, or if you currently have a cyst and consider an operation to remove it. You and your doctor can develop a personalized treatment plan to give you the best chance to design.